Assur-bani-pal on Horseback



ASSHUR and the


 An Account of the Discoveries Made in the Ancient Ruins of Nineveh,
Asshur, Sepharvaim, Calah, Babylon, Borsippa, and Van

 A Narrative of Different Journeys in
Mesopotamia, Assyria, Asia Minor, and Koordistan




With Introduction By:


NEW YORK:     First Edition  1897



Publisher/Year: NEW YORK: EATON & MAINS. First Edition, 1897.
Binding: Original Cloth Hardcover, 24x15cm.
Pages: 292
Illustrations: 19 photo illustrations, 2 Fold-out Colour Plans, 1 map.

   Please see book CONDITION at end    жжж

Hormuzd Rassam (1826-1910)

Assyrian archaeologist and explorer, was born at Mosul, Iraq, in 1826. He was the youngest son and eighth child of Anton Rassam. Assisted Henry Layard in his excavations at Nineveh in 1845, than sent by British Museum to dig in Nineveh and Babylon, between the years from 1853 to 1882. He died at Brighton, England, on 16 Sept. 1910.



Very Scarce & Extremely Hard to Find

Excavations & Travel


Over 110 Years Ago

Not Published in England

Because of the quarrel Rassam had with Willas Budge of the British Museum over the excavations in Iraq, no publisher in Britain accept the responsibility of publishing the book, after almost 10 years, an American publishing firm came to the rescue.

From Preface ... .

WITH the exception of a few lectures I delivered before different societies, no record has appeared anywhere of the share I have had in Assyrian and Babylonian discoveries; the consequences was, that not many years afterwards some of my acquisitions were attributed to others, and, actually, the Assyrian legends off the Creation and Deluge tablets, which I found in Nineveh, in Assur-bani-pal's palace, 1n 1853, were credited to Mr. George Smith's exploration, which he undertook twenty years afterwards, because, forsooth, he was the first Assyrian scholar who had deciphered them! Even in the present ninth edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, the following appears in a note referring to Assur-bani-pal palace: "In this palace is the famous library-chamber from which Layard and George Smith brought the tablets now in the British Museum." Whereas, when I discovered them, the former had ceased his connection with the Assyrian excavations, and the latter could not have been more than nine or ten years of age! ......
    After having come home at the end of 1882, I began to write an account of my discoveries and travels, beginning from 1853. On completing my narrative, I submitted it to different publishers in London, all of whom declined the responsibility of its publication, some time afterwards an American friend whom I had met at Mossul, suggested that I should have my book published in America, he found a well-known firm in New York who undertook the publication of it. ...
    In describing fully my travels and the conduct of my archaeological work I had one aim in view, and that is to show how easy it is to get on with all the inhabitants of Biblical lands, especially the Arabs, provided they are not treated with unbecoming hauteur and conceit. ....

From Introduction ...

THERE is a sense in which the rediscovery of the Assyrians and Babylonians may be said to be as interesting as a romance. These two great peoples were lost to human history. No word which they had spoken, no thought which had swayed their lives, no deed which they had done, had come down directly to us. It was only as the Greek historian, when speaking of the achievements of his own race ; or the Latin, as he recounted the mighty deeds of imperial Rome ; or Hebrew prophet, poet, or historian, dwelling with measured word on his own glorious history, it was only as these touched upon the Assyrians, in passing, that we could learn anything of these mighty peoples and the civilizations which they founded and led. This strange absence of direct information had an element of the mysterious in it. Our knowledge of the history of Greece and of Rome had continuity ; our knowledge of Assyria and of Babylonia was fragmentary, disjointed, and, at times, conflicting. Even the cities of these great peoples were lost, as Rome and Athens never were. Babylon was buried in a mud-mound ; ' Nineveh was so thoroughly forgotten that for ages her site was unknown, so that a cultivated Greek, leading home his broken army of ten thousand men, passed right by it, and never knew that beneath the mud and sand lay the remains of vast palaces.

Among all the earlier explorers and excavators, Mr. Hormuzd Rassam stands forth as a man of distinguished service. He first struck the spade into many a mound almost unknown. He brought to Europe many a long-lost book. It is well that after a long circle of years he has gathered together all his notes and all his memories, to set forth an account of his discoveries, and to tell how he made them. This book contains that narrative; but it does not stop there. It tells of long journeys over hills and across deserts in the Semitic Orient. It describes many a conversation with people all too little known. It tells of many an Oriental custom, hoary with age, and full of instruction for the modern student of the Bible. I have read the book in manuscript and in proof, and found much of interest and of enlightenment in its story. I commend it for exactly what it is-the record of useful deeds by a capable and patient explorer, and feel sure that many will find light and knowledge in it.


Statue of the God Nebo

Contents ...

Chapter I

Jazeerah - Mossul - Koyunjik and Nimroud - Mound at Nimroud - Stone Monolith - Mounds Near Mossul - Kalaa-Shirgat - Assyrian Inscriptions.

Chapter II

Assur-Bani-Pal - French Excavations - Assur-Bani-Pal Palace - Assur-Bani-Pal's Library - Terra-Cotta Cylinder - BAs-Reliefs - Discoveries by Mr. Loftus - Hail and Rain Storms - Site of the Northern Palace - Bedouin Customs - Leaving Mossul - Arrival in London - Appointed to Aden - Resignation.

Chapter III

George Smith's Explorations - At Constantinople - Delays - Moslem Politics - Complications - Diarbekir.

Chapter IV

Ifreen - Arab Customs - Site of Carchemish - Aghbirhan - Zamboor - Hawak - Swairak - Valley of the Tigris - At Diarbekir - A Christian Community.

Chapter V

Koordish Rule - Ill-treatments of Christians - Farkeen - A Pitiable Case - Huzzo - Saart - A Contention Settled - Assessments and Taxes - Bitlis - American Mission - Moosh.

Chapter VI

From Kopp to Wan - Norsheen - Ardeesh - Along Lake Wan - Hadirth - The City of Wan - The Armenians.

Chapter VII

Citadel of Khoshab - Bash-Kalaa - The Patriarch Mar Shimoun - Kochanis - The Valley of Zab - Near Chamba - Mar Ssawa - The Nestorian Christians - The Nestorians.

Chapter VIII

Asheetha - Immaddiah - Aradeen - Tel-Iskiff - Affairs at Mossul - The Chaldean Church - The Malabar Christians - The Christians of Mesopotamia - Jacobite Christians.

Chapter IX

The Chaldeans.

Chapter X

The Awayee Dam - Arrival at Baghdad - The Nawab Ikbal ad Doula - Prince Abbas Mirza Khan - Return to Mossul - Karkook - Kalak - At Mossul - The Sultan's Firman - The Mound of Balawat - Difficulties - Discoveries Made - Excavation Extended - An Old Burial Ground - Monumental Inscriptions - Marble and Brick Platforms - A Marble Coffer - A Dispute Settled.

Chapter XI

Sassanian Coins Found - Temple of Asshur-Nazir-Pal - Best Season for Explorations - Antiquities Packed - From Kasik to Chilliga - Nissibeen - Tel-Hillallee - The Kayim-Makkim - Orfa - Beerajeek - Mookboola - Aleppo - Alexandretta.

Chapter XII

To Tel-Mirjan - Tel-Merjan - To Mossul - Firhan Pasha - Baghdad - Hillah.

Chapter XIII

Babylonian Ruins - Mound of Babel - Ruins of Babylon - Birs Nimroud - Hai - Mound of Tel-Loh - Excavations Made - The Ancient Sirgulla.

Chapter XIV

Journey to Baghdad - On the Steamer - Antiquities Forwarded - Ticreet - Storm at Night - Arriving at Mossul.

Chapter XV

Nebee Yonis - Excavations Made - A Difficulty - Mound of Nabee Yonis.

Chapter XVI

Preaching of Jonah - Bullul - The Khaboor River - Mound of Fadghamee - Mounds on the Khaboor - At Al-Ibsaira.

Chapter XVII

Goosbee - Rukka - Jodaida - Excavations Continued - Famine - Expedition of Cyrus - Sabkha - Mayadeen - Al-Braikha - Valley of Hijlan.

Chapter XVIII

Rumadee - Hillah - Copper Block Unearthed - Store of Bricks - Mound of Omran - Palace of Nabopolassar - Aqueducts and Wells - The Hanging Gardens - Course of the Euphrates - Capture of Babylon - Destruction of Babylon - At Baghdad.

Chapter XIX

Palace of Sennacherib - Village of Dehay - Gairamoos - Over the Mountains - Into Armenia - Kharaba-Dar - The City of Wan - Pashlic of Wan - Commissioner of Reform.

Chapter XX

Exploration in Wan - At Saart - Jazeerah - Assyrian Inscriptions - Return to Mossul - Leaving Mossul - Ruins of Babylon - Seeking the Site of Sippara - The Two Sipparas - At Aboo-Habba - Sippara Identified.

Chapter XXI

 Aboo Habba - Discoveries at Aboo Habba - Mound of Tel Ibraheem - Toward the Mediterranean -Arrival at Hheet - Al Kayim - Reaching Constantinople - Return to Aboo Habba - Official Objections - Return to England.

Monolith of Shamshi-Rimmon

Illustrations ...

  • Portrait of Author

  • Plan of Excavations at Kouyunjik

  • Obelisk of Assur of Assur-nazir-pal

  • Statue of the God Nebo

  • Monolith of Shamshi-Rimmon

  • Assur-bani-pal on Horseback

  • Clay Tablet from Library of Assur-bani-pal

  • Clay Tablet from the same, containing Account of the Deluge

  • Plan of North Palace of Kouyunjik

  • Assur-bani-pal, with his Queen

  • Servants and Attendants of same

  • Bronze Strip from Gates of Balawat

  • Clay Prism of Assur-bani-pal

  • Barrel Cylinder of Sennacharib

  • Site of Temple of Assur-bani-pal

  • Plan of Birs Nimroud

  • Assyrian Arch at Nimroud

  • Map of Mesopotamia and Assyria

  • Clay Cylinder of Cyrus (Capture of Babylon)

  • Site of Ancient Armenian Temple, Toprae-Kalaa

  • Shields and other Objects found at same

  • Stone Tablet of Sippara

  • Inscription on same (Reverse)

Site of Temple of Assur-bani-pal, found at Nimroud in 1878.

Assyrian Arch at Nimroud
The Grand Ascending Entrance into the Royal Precincts at Nimroud
(Notice Hormuzd Rassam on the right of the picture)


Site of Ancient Armenian Temple, Toprae-Kalaa

Stone Tablet of Sippara

Clay Cylinder of Cyrus (Capture of Babylon)

Stone Tablet of Sippara, Inscription on (Reverse)

Bronze Strip from Gates of Balawat

Clay Prism of Assur-bani-pal

Clay Tablet Library of Assur-bani-pal, containing Account of the Deluge

Plan of North Palace of Kouyunjik

Plan of Birs Nimroud

Plan of Excavations at Kouyunjik

Condition ...

Corners and edges rubbed exposing boards, back hinges repaired, couples of knock on boards from tight rope, previous owner's book-plate, otherwise book in good condition. Very Scarce over 115 years old antiquarian.



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